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Starting in V13, you can now run circuit envelope simulation directly from Microwave Office.  New sources and measurements enable circuit only simulation to get results. 

The shipping example below is a great reference for using this feature.

Where To Find This Example

AWR Version 13

Select Help > Open Examples... from the menus and type either the example name listed above or one of the keywords below.

Or you can open the project directly from this page using this button.

AWR Version 12

This example is not available for AWR Version 12 or earlier.

Design Notes

Circuit Envelope Simulation of a High Power BJT Amp

This example demonstrates a circuit envelope simulation of a multi-carrier QPSK modulated signal using a Freescale MRA0500-19L device. As is important with any circuit envelope simulation this device was simulated in the time domain and the performance was verified against the frequency domain performance. The verification was done in the example Circuit_Envelope_Cosimulation_with_VSS so we did not include it here as well.


The multi-carrier QPSK signal was generated from the system diagram QPSK_Generator. This system diagram does require a VSS license, but simulating circuit envelope in APLAC with the generated I/Q data does not require a VSS license, only the appropriate APLAC license. If any errors appear regarding VSS licensing, simply disable the PWR_SPEC measurement in the QPSK Spectrum Verification graph. It is only needed to verify the input to the APLAC circuit envelope simulator is correct.

Schematics/System Diagrams

QPSK_Generator - System diagram that generates the multi-carrier QPSK signal. The FILE_SNK element captures the I/Q data and writes it to the datafile Multi_Carrier_QPSK.

Envelope_TB - Uses the PORTIQ_ENV port to source the amplifier with the multi-carrier QPSK signal. The PORTIQ_ENV source uses the datafile Multi_Carrier_QPSK that was generated in the QPSK_Generator system diagram. The Pwr parameter is left blank so the total power in the source is the same as when the I/Q data was captured.

HB_TB - A swept input power and frequency harmonic balance simulation of the amplifier to show the BJTs continuous wave performance.

High_Power_BJT_Amp - The amplifier we are simulating including the bias network as well as the input and output matching networks.

Source_Verification - A schematic for simulating only the I/Q source in APLAC circuit envelope as a sanity check to make sure the modulated signal is the same between VSS and APLAC.

Data Files

Multi_Carrier_QPSK - I/Q file containing the QPSK waveform.


CW Gain - The sine wave gain of the BJT amplifier across frequency.

CW Power and Efficiency - The sine wave output power, and power added efficiency of the BJT amplifier.

QPSK Fundamental Carrier Voltage - The time domain voltage of the Fundamental carrier at the input and output.

QPSK Gain and Average PAE - The total power gain and power added efficiency of the amplifier when driven by the multi-carrier QPSK signal. The method of computing the gain is comparing the integral of the power spectrums at the input and output. The method of computing the power added efficiency looks at the instantaneous input, output, and DC powers.

QPSK PAE vs Time - The instantaneous power added efficiency of the amplifier over the full duration of the modulated signal.

QPSK Spectrum - The input and output spectrum of the Fundamental carrier.

QPSK Spectrum Verification - Comparing the power spectrums of the multi-carrier QPSK signal from VSS and APLAC.

QPSK Voltages - The envelope voltage over time of the QPSK signal at the input and output of the amplifier.

Graph - CW Gain

Graph - CW Power and Efficiency

Graph - QPSK Fundamental Carrier Voltage

Graph - QPSK Voltages

Graph - QPSK Spectrum Verification

Graph - QPSK Spectrum

Graph - QPSK PAE vs Time