Page tree
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

Where To Find This Example

AWR Version 14

Select Help > Open Examples... from the menus and type either the example name listed above or one of the keywords below.

Or you can open the project directly from this page using this button. Make sure to select the Enable Guided Help before clicking this button.

AWR Version 13

This example is not available for AWR Version 13 or earlier.

Design Notes

IF Subsampling Example

This example shows how to model IF subsampling in VSS. An exaplanation of Nyquist zone subsampling can be found at the following link:

A graphical illustration of Nyquist zone folding is shown below:

In this example, the signal source has a symbol rate of 0.125 MHz and the simulation sampling rate is set to 8 MHz, yielding an oversampling rate of 64 samples per symbol.

The signal is assumed to be at IF, which is 2.75 MHZ. The system employs an ADC with sample rate of 1 MHz, so it is subsampling the IF.

We can take advantage of the fact that higher Nyquist zones fold into the first Nyquist zone when subsampling occurs (i.e., we sample an alias of the signal).

In this project the IF frequency is defined by variable IF and ADC sampling frequency by Fs. The subsampling design uses the following relationship between IF frequency and ADC sampling rate:

            IF = (2n+1) Fs / 4 

For the values defined in this project:

            Fs = 1 MHz (1MSPS)

            n = 5

            IF = 2.75 MHz  =11/4 Fs

11/4 Fs falls in the 6th Nyquist zone; the first zone corresponds to Fs/2 (n = 0)

When the IF envelope is subsampled with a single ADC the data stream forms an interlaced sample stream consisting of I-Q-I-Q... We use an ideal DAC following the ADC to convert the quantized digital signal (digital 0/1 values) to a quantized real signal for further processing.

The NCO forms a digital local oscillator as 1010...  or 0101..., which correspond to sampling sin or cos waveforms at 4 points per period. The NCO forms a downconversion by factor of two and “unzips” the data into the separate I and Q streams:

            IQIQ*1010 = I 0 I 0

            IQIQ*0101 = 0 Q 0 Q

Now the data must have the zeros removed and retimed to align I and Q.

In this project you can select to use an ideal ADC or an Analog Devices ADC (ADI_ADC).

System Diagram - ADC TEST

Graph - IQ Constellation Before Data Slicer

Graph - I and Q Data at 1 Sample per Symbol before Data Slicer

Graph - I and Q after Digital Downconversion

Graph - Q Data before and after Zero Sample Removal

Graph - NCO Cos and Sin

Graph - I Data before and after Zero Sample Removal

Graph - Spectrum at IF input to ADC